To know the list of countries that you can visit with Schengen visa please go to http://www.schengenvisainfo.com you may also click the country for specific requirements and application procedure. You will also find some helpful information with different types of Visa. Please take note that you should apply to the country of your entry point or where you will stay the longest. For example when I went to Europe my entry Point was France, and I stayed in Paris the longest as compared to any other Schengen country so I applied for my SCHENGEN visa through FRENCH EMBASSY in Makati.
Application fee is 60 Euro and is not refundable. You will pay them in peso based on their conversion rate. While Schengen has standard visa application process, booking for an Interview/appointment process may vary per country. Please check the Schengen site for specific instruction for the country that you wish to apply with. Once approved, you will receive a VISA for the country that you have applied for which will be honored by all Schengen member countries. Application processing time would be 1-2 weeks. I received my visa 7 days after I submitted my application and interview.
If you are applying for Canadian Visa you may check your eligibility through their web site. For more information please visit http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/visit/ you will need to create an account at http://www.cic.gc.ca/ctc-vac/getting-started.asp and pay the application fee through their website. Application fee is 100 CAD and is not refundable. Once you have submitted your online application, you will receive an update via email to login to your GCKEY account. GCKey is an electronic credential (a username and password) that allows you to securely access the Government of Canada’s online services. You can submit your passport when requested to their Makati Visa processing center. Approved visa can be delivered to your home address for a fee.
If you are applying for a US visa please remember th Continue reading Visa Application Overview: Schengen, Canada and US.